Carbohydrate Polymers [IF:7.182]
Study on fecal fermentation characteristics of aloe polysaccharides in vitro and their predictive modeling
Aloe polysaccharides (APs) are well-known plant polysaccharides, but little is known about their digestion and fermentation characteristics in vitro. In this study, the molecular weight of APs had no significant changes after gastric and intestinal digestion. During the fecal fermentation, the content of volatiles and pH value decreased continuously, while the short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) concentration increased significantly. Additionally, the abundance of the microbiota associated with the metabolism of SCFAs was increased, including Prevotella, Catenibacterium, Lachnospiraceae, and Coprococcus, while the harmful microbiota was decreased, like Escherichia-Shigella, and Veillonella. Moreover, bioinformatics analysis indicated that APs boosted fructose and mannose metabolism, and the gene expressions of enzymes, containing mannose-6-phosphate isomerase [EC:220.127.116.11]. Structural equation modeling also highlighted that SCFAs-producing microbiota were primary degraders of APs, suggesting APs may facilitate the manufacture of functional foods with the purpose of maintaining intestinal health.